What is called "literary translation" can be defined as a double process, a language process through literatures, a literature process through languages. In the globalized age and its unprecedented economic and technical domination, the move that continuously leads from the original text to its multiple translations can no longer be seen as a narrowly aesthetic attempt. Strengthened by its hybridity, translating-writing is an act that also has the ability to build a bridge between peoples and to be a passage for ideas, as Victor Hugo once put it in his essay William Shakespeare. The stakes are not only formal but also ethical. In its creative instability, translation links together the production of worth (the intrinsic artistic quality of works) and the production of social values. Based upon “exchange” and “interbreeding”, this shifting practice deploys a specific thought on alterity and culture. As a consequence, the translator's task seems to be both poetic and political.