What is this human nature that Spinoza talks about everywhere and that he does not define anywhere ? If we can shape the contours of a spinozist anthropology, what psychology can we then draw from it ? The reflections proposed in this file have been conducted both within the Spinoza philosophy, as questions of interpretation of the system, but also outside this philosophy, as questions about the use that can be made of Spinoza today.
The file consists of six articles. Ursula Renz's question is about the relevance, in Spinoza’s philosophy, of a concept that is currently experiencing renewed interest, that of "life-form", in its dual biological and moral dimensions. If we can talk about anthropology in Spinoza, it can only be, as Sophie Laveran’s contribution shows, an anthropology that is both “critical” and “practical”. Pascal Sévérac’s article addresses the question of anthropology and psychology in Spinoza through the prism of childhood. Raphaël Chappé confronts François Zourabichvili’s interpretation with that of Althusser, in order to understand how both pose the problem of psychological life, one through the idea of form, the other through that of structure. Finally, the articles proposed by Julie Henry and Yves Clot provide living examples of what a current use of Spinoza can be, in the field of anthropology and psychology.