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Astérion, n°23/2020

Matériaux du spinozisme


Astérion. Philosophie, histoire des idées, pensée politique



Materials of Spinozism

Spinoza rarely quotes his predecessors, but scholars have focused on showing how Spinozist thought and writing fits into different traditions. This dossier therefore analyses how Spinoza reshapes and rewrites what he finds before him. In other words, this involves ascertaining how, for him, these "legacies" are in fact materials to be reworked: how does the Spinozist system deal with questions of suicide, historical experience, divine omnipotence and human finitude? So the problem of suicide forces us to think of the destruction of the self within the framework of a philosophy which bases its analysis of the individual on a conatus which seems to exclude any possibility of internal contradiction. Similarly, Spinoza's political reflection, like that of Hobbes, is based on examples borrowed from Latin historians, which involves the creation of historical models. Divine omnipotence is conceived through the reorientation of the category of causality, which makes it possible to give another meaning to the infinite and to the relationship between the divine essence and the laws of nature. Reflection on finitude bases the idea of existence on material stemming from the most common human experience – which helps to explain why Spinoza gave such attention to religious narratives: that attention relates not only to the necessities of Scriptural debate but also to the fact that these narratives fuel his reflections on the different forms of life.

Pierre-François Moreau

Pierre-François Moreau, Michaël Pouteyo
La croisée des chemins



Pierre-François Moreau
Feuillets



Pierre-François Moreau, Ann Thomson
La croisée des chemins
Modernity, from its origins, has accorded a key role to passions. Whether hostile to Reason or, on the contrary, favourable towards it, passions are dangerous and fascinating and bring out the role of the body, desire, language and the imagination in human nature.





Contributions:

Architectures de la raison
Mélanges offerts à Alexandre Matheron



Matteo Vincenzo d'Alfonso, Pierre-François Moreau
Phénoménologie et marxisme
Perspectives historiques et legs théoriques
La croisée des chemins



Raffaele Carbone, Chantal Jaquet, Pierre-François Moreau
Spinoza-Malebranche
À la croisée des interprétations
At the Crossroads of Interpretations
La croisée des chemins
The relationship between Spinoza's and Malebranche's philosophies has rarely been approached head-on in a speculative comparison which explores both the ontology and theory of knowledge and ethics and politics. This book offers new research on this subject.



Pierre-François Moreau
Lectures de Michel Foucault
3. Sur les Dits et écrits
3. Sur les "Dits et écrits"
This volume is undoubtedly one of the first works to address the multitude of revisions, explanations and insights collected together in Michel Foucault's Dits et écrits, in 1994. How should one read this survey, which also provides frequent off-the-cuff commentary on the intellectual activity of Michel Foucault ?



Charles T. Wolfe, Pierre-François Moreau
Lire le matérialisme
Reading Materialism
La croisée des chemins
These essays focus on the problem of materialism in the history of philosophy, in different contexts, some classic, some less so (mind-body relations, the status of the brain, the issue of atheism, but also, dreams, embodiment; laughter and the emergence of a "new materialism" in contemporary thought)



Jacques-Louis Lantoine, Pierre-François Moreau
L'intelligence de la pratique
The Intelligence of Practice
Le concept de disposition chez Spinoza
The Concept of Disposition in Spinoza
La croisée des chemins
Unlike traditional and contemporary approches of dispositions, the philosophy of Spinoza proposes a deterministic and actualist definition. This book highlights the originality of this definition and shows that the concept is crucial for the philosophy of practice and anthropology of Spinoza.